Your headspace sampler is a tool for introducing volatiles that are contained in liquid or solid samples into a gas chromatograph. The analytical technique is called “static headspace gas chromatography.” The term “headspace” refers to the space above the liquid or solid sample that you place in a sealed vial. The term “static” means that the volatiles in the headspace of the vial are at equilibrium with the same compounds in the liquid or solid sample.
The instrument extracts a reproducible volume of the headspace and injects it into the carrier gas flowing into the gas chromatograph. Food, packaging, pharmaceutical products, soil, and water are often tested to see if they meet quality criteria or regulatory standards. Fragrances and consumer products are analyzed using headspace in order to understand their composition. Forensics laboratories use headspace for measuring the percent of ethanol in human blood to see if a driver is legally intoxicated.
The ease with which a sample forms a gaseous headspace depends on the sample’s “partition coefficient.” After a programmed heating time, the headspace gas is extracted from the vial and injected into a GC for analysis.
There are two means of extracting the headspace gas from the vial—single or multiple headspace extraction (MHE). With single headspace extraction, only one sample of gas is taken from each sample vial. Single headspace extraction is the standard method. It is used for samples that are readily volatile or for which there are no matrix effects. Quantitative analysis can be performed by using suitable internal or external standards.
Models G1289 and G1290 can also be used for multiple HS extraction using multiple septum punctures, with up to 10 extractions per sample.
A low-volume, highly inert, heated volatiles interface is optimized for headspace-GC analysis, preventing sample loss or degradation and reducing carryover.
-It can eliminate sample preparation by letting you introduce volatile components automatically
-Integrates seamlessly with HP/Agilent GCs
-Features a highly inert path from the vial to the GC column head to prevent sample absorption
-Constant heating time
-Overlapping sample processing – automatic parameter increments for easy method development
-Up to 10 headspace extractions per vial
-Two levels of vial agitation